Category Archives: Wicks – Adirondacks

Adirondack Express


Adirondack Express.

I love this article and the fact that the public is invited into the sanctity and sanctuary of the beloved League (albeit pricey) in my humble opinion.  But, I think there is a bit of an omission & because so much time has passed, completely understandable. But, I for one, Remember Wicks, and the beginning of it all.

The Original:


William S Wicks was actually the first Professionally trained, Cornell & MIT, Architect who designed the original Mountain Lodge that was destroyed by fire with the replacement designed by Shepard. Many of the “small” camps were designed by Wicks, who, along with a band of preservationists purchased 100,000 acres of the Adirondack wilderness in an effort to preserve its beauty from exploitation. I believe many of Wicks designed camps are among the originals still standing today and it is the Wicks “Camp” who orchestrated the beginning and existence of the Adirondack League Club. Wicks is best known for his designs within the Buffalo, New York region and as partner of Green & Wicks, architects of the Albright Knox Gallery.

Remembering Wicks,

wicks 1890

(All rights reserved, duplication of content without permission of owner is strictly forbidden.)


Study it as you Would a Painting


Source: Town of Webb Historical Association:

On April 14, 1913, a massive fire destroyed the Adirondack League Club’s Mountain Lodge, the ice house, laundry and storehouse at Little Moose Lake. Local firemen were able to save the Club’s boathouse and several adjacent cottages. The Directors met two days later in New York City and a decision was made to have Augustus D. Shepard design the new clubhouse, known today as the Little Moose Summer House.


Mountain Lodge – Green & Wicks

Sketch from the Syracuse Sunday Herald, “Adirondack League Club,” January 8, 1893, p. 2.

Shepard’s Adirondack Architectural Style: An Adirondack Camps National Historical Landmarks Theme Study was submitted to the National Register of Historic Places in March of 2000, later updated in 2007. The study was prepared by Historic Preservation Consultant Wesley Haynes and National Historic Landmarks Program Historian James Jacos. Central to the theme study was the argument that the wilderness camps in the Adirondacks “represented the first and fullest application of a rustic aesthetic in American buildings.” “They appealed to some of the country’s most prominent and wealthy families, who were attracted to the idea of traveling to the mountains to experience nature and outdoor activities in extremely private yet luxurious surroundings.”

This document credits architect William S. Wicks, an Adirondack League Club member and designer of the 1892-1893 clubhouse at Little Moose Lake, as the earliest voice on the subject. Author of Log Cabins: How to Build and Furnish Them (1889), Wicks emphasized the importance of selecting a site with commanding views while cutting as few trees as were necessary for the construction of camps. In Wicks’ words, “Study it as you would a painting.”

wicks 1890

Remembering Wicks …

Black Bears Were Unusually Numerous – ADK 1886



Mountain Lodge – Green & Wicks

Sketch from the Syracuse Sunday Herald, “Adirondack League Club,” January 8, 1893, p. 2.


Adirondack League Club Early History Transcribed in 2009

by Town of Webb Historian Peg Masters

News Notes

1886 – Utica Weekly Herald, “Rod and Gun,” November 9, 1886, p. 12. “Black bears are unusually numerous in the Adirondack region this fall. Charles A. Nicholson of Utica, W. S. Wicks of Trenton and Howard Brown of Brookline, Mass. are about to erect a handsome and commodious log camp at Big Rock Bay, Jock’s Lake. A. D. Barber, Jr., of this city has erected the frame for his new hotel on Jock’s Lake in the North Woods.

1890 – Watertown Times, “To Save The Great Forests,” September 4, 1890, p. 2. “The history of the project of saving the Adirondack forests is exceedingly interesting. With that object in view, the Adirondack Park Association was quietly formed in New York City in April last. . . . This association came into being because of the sealed conviction that the forestry commission has proved a failure, says the New York Press; that it has suffered inroads to be made into the heart of the Adirondacks, which has effected serious injury and threatened still greater; that it has promoted no serious measures to promote the planting of trees; that it has not property resisted the encroachments of shingle men and charcoal burners; that it had allowed the encroachment of railroads; that in fact the commission was a useless body.

1892 – Utica Morning Herald, “Personal,” March 25, 1892, p. 6. “Architect W. S. Wicks of Buffalo has returned from Little Moose lake, where he has been locating a new club house for the Adirondack league club, to cost from $15,000 to $20,000.”

1893 – Syracuse Sunday Herald, “Adirondack League Club” – from the NY Mail and Express, January 8, 1893, p. 2. “The Adirondack League Club has just completed negotiation by which it accrues absolute title to the club house ‘Forest Lodge’ on Honnedaga or Jock’s Lake in Herkimer County together with all the buildings and, furniture, boats, camps, and other equipment formerly owned by A. D. Barber. . . . The club has two handsome and perfectly equipped club homes on its preserve, the new house on Little Moose Lake having been just completed at a cost of nearly $30,000.

1893 – New York Tribune, “Adirondack League Clubhouse,” February 19, 1893, p. 22. “The new clubhouse of the Adirondack League Club on Little Moose Lake, Herkimer County, N. Y., has been finished at a cost of over $25,000. . . The clubhouse will accommodate over 100 people and is tastefully as well as substantially constructed. The pride of the architect is the great hall in the centre of the building, 50×35 feet, at one end of which is a huge fireplace capable of burning logs six feet in length. At the other end, or southern extremity of the preserve, twenty-five miles away from Mountain Lodge, is Forest Lodge, the club’s other house on Honnedaga Lake . . . and accommodates about seventy-five people. Honnedaga, or ‘Jock’s’ Lake, is six miles long. . . . Honnedaga is the Indian name of the lake signifying ‘clear water.” On many old maps it is simply designated ‘Transparent Lake.’


rabbit wild cabin

This is Rabbitwild –

A Wicks camp designed and built for daughter Ruth & family on Jocks Lake at the Adirondack League Club.

The original story of Rabbitwild written by Wicks, in his spare time, as a story for Ruth in 1896,

and now waiting to be published. 

little ruth

Remembering Wicks

(All rights reserved, duplication of original content strictly forbidden without consent of owner.)

Rabbit Wild . It Started with a Shanty . Back to Nature 1897


This slideshow requires JavaScript.

Back to “Rabbitwild” the sweet little book written by Wicks for his little daughter Ruth, age 12 in 1896. There are a few pages above from Chapter 6 … The boys and their father are in the woods, they have met up with Uncle Jock who will be instrumental in getting the cottage built up from stone & timber on the land to the place called “Rabbit Wild” … a Shelter in the Wilderness built by Fred & Hartley Langdon from their Father’s Plans, Uncle Jock Helping.

The more I read and learn about Wicks, his life, family and work, the more I am able to pick up clues in the book as to people, places, and references throughout. The cottage “Rabbit Wild” had been designed and built by Wicks on Honnedaga Lake on a tract of land purchased in 1892 as part of the Adirondack League Club. The lake was formerly known as Jock’s Lake, so real or fictitious, I’ll bet there was a character of some Adirondack lineage that assisted with building the cottage and so we have – Uncle Jock.

During this time, John Albright of The Albright Gallery fame had his camp designed and built by E.B. Green on Wilmurt Lake, a site that was quite far from this area in the Adirondacks. However, I have not found any remnant of information on the Albright camp on Wilmurt Lake. But John Albright’s son was named Langdon – and so here is a reference to that name, and pictured as the architect in this story. The firm of Green & Wicks had designed the residence of Langdon Albright on the estate grounds of John Albright in Buffalo.

At some point, I wonder if I’ll find the “Fred” and “Hartley” in this story – for sure they are the fictional counterparts of the Wicks’ girls Ruth and Grace, but who, I wonder?

In Chapter 6, the boys, their father and Uncle Jock set out to build a shanty to provide shelter as they begin the process of building Rabbit Wild:

“Well”, cried Hartley, “we’ve got to build a shanty, haven’t we?’

“Where shall we build it?” asked Mr. Langdon, turning to Jock.

“Right here, back of this ‘ere fire; see the two trees? That’s why we fixed our fire where we did, so we’d have it right at the entrance, to keep away the skeeters, and warm us a leetle at night. I’ll help ye make a start.”

“One of you boys kin cut down that spruce”, pointing to a tree about five inches in diameter, “trim all the leetle branches off, an’ cut it into two stcks eleven feet long, or about four paces. You, Mr. Hartley, kin clear the space, cut down the witch-hoople, an’ burn all the brush.” …

This camp was to built over the summer as the boys started out on their fourth of July weekend to begin this adventure in the woods. Uncle Jock is on site most of the time as father returns to his work in the city. All of the precise elements of building this camp are included in the book. If someone wanted to retrace the methods and practices of building this camp, it could be accomplished. I love that …

rabbitwild 2 rabbitwild

Photographs of Rabbit Wild and Wicks with little Ruth are courtesy of Elizabeth Hopkins Wittemann,

Great Granddaughter of William S. Wicks

Remembering Wicks and bringing dreams of a wild retreat to life.

little ruth

(All rights reserved,duplication of content is forbidden without consent of owner, author)

Wicks . the Canadian Connection & the lost Swiss Chalets

Wicks . the Canadian Connection & the lost Swiss Chalets

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

Postcards from Canada . Wicks collection . Summer & Fall of 1906 to Ruth . Grand Trunk Railway System Series . Lake Temagami . Lady Evelyn River. Muskoka Lakes District . St. Lawrence River . 1000 Islands the Admiralty Group.

I have been looking for the three-story swiss chalets designed by Wicks in the Georgian Bay region of Canada as referenced in the article written by Russel Roberts  … not even a smidge of a hint. I am guessing that the series of postcards above are the result of the trip either to or from Canada as Wicks would have traveled to see the site for the project.

Three postcards are addressed to Ruth’s Buffalo address (Fall) and two are addressed to the Adirondack League Club in care of the Lashers (Mr. Hazard Lasher died 3 years earlier, at just 48 years old). Mrs. Lasher and her two sons continued to stay at the Cottage for the summer. Ruth was 26 years old, the boys may have been about the same age, I am not sure.

One postcard is written by Ruth’s mother so Wicks was traveling with his wife on the excursion. I recognize Wicks handwriting on the others, he rarely sends a message. Emma is staying with Walter, having delightful rides on the river in his launch., and that is the end of the chapter on the Canadian connection.

And so the story of the Canadian Swiss chalets remain a mystery.

The Adirondack camps were closed and secured for the winter, buttoned up with the promise of Spring nothing more than that of an elusive lover with wet spring snow hugging the ground incessantly. Emma returned to Rubble Manor in Barneveld, running the household, holding down the fort, I know so little about her. Wicks returned to the city continuing his work with EB Green, the plethora of commissions keeping  the firm humming. My Grandmother, Ruth. Ruth’s occupation seems to be travel, tennis and  attending conscientious social clubs. But, that is what I surmise. After all of the Ivy League education, I am not aware of a “paid”position that she held in her lifetime, however, she managed the family property beutifully when her father died.

It looks like this postcard was sent from the Green & Wicks New York State Fairgrounds right after Ruth left the Adirondacks. It was sent by  Ruth to her mother in Barneveld and it is rather sweet. She is attending the Fair in Syracuse with friends and may be there for a while. The card is signed Al & Ruth and I wonder if Al might have been one of the Lasher boys, and if the two had traveled to the fair from camp together. There was word that someone had killed a buck  – she is asking her mother to please send her some venison, even if it is just a small amount… having a fine old time…gay and festive town ….wish you were here.

syr1      syr


Remembering Ruth, I think of her as a sophisticated and smart young woman walking in a society of the very accomplished, her soul and heart firmly entrenched in the natural earthy beauty and spirit of the country, and the honesty it brings forth….every girl needs a father like Wicks.


Photo courtesy of Elizabeth Hopkins Wittemann, Great Granddaughter of Wicks

(All rights reserved, duplication of content is forbidden without consent of author, owner.)

The Harsh Reality of the Idyllic Adirondack League Lifestyle . early 1900


wicks camp museum interior

Wicks Design . Wardell Camp & Interior . 1910 . Adirondack League Club .

Photo courtesy of the Adirondack Museum

The article by Russel Roberts referenced in the previous post is interesting to me as it names names, dates and places of specific architectural structures designed by Wicks forming the visual identity of the Adirondack League Club including the family Cottage: Rabbit Wild.


Rabbit Wild . Photo courtesy of Wicks’ Great granddaughter Elizabeth Hopkins Wittemann 

I have a number of family archive postcards sent to my Grandmother, Ruth, Wicks’ daughter in care of the Lashers at Honnedaga Lake, most dates are either 1908 or 1909. Because Rabbit Wild was on the market and for sale in 1900, I am not sure if Ruth stayed with the Lashers because Rabbit Wild was sold, or lost to fire – Ruth would have been about 24 years old at the time. Wicks designed the Lasher Camp, so I am sure it felt like home. The Lasher Camp was supposed to be quite similar to Rabbit Wild and by way of the article written by Russell Roberts, it sounds like the Lasher camp is still standing..

Mr. Hazard Lasher became a member of the Adirondack League Club in 1901, and was Vice President of the League in 1905. As I was looking to find out more about Hazard Lasher, I discovered he was part of a search party for the missing Dr. Griffith in 1904, of the Adirondack League Club and owner of a Wicks designed cottage. An idyllic life is not without repercussions and reality of the unforgiving force of nature natural to the Adirondack Mountains which will have its way. Both Mr. Lasher and Dr. Griffith died prematurely because of it.


“Buffalo Herald” . Booneville . New York . Thursday . June 2 . 1904

Dr. Griffith Drowned. Lost his Life in Honnega Lake in the Adirondacks . Superintendent of Utica Public Schools

In part: “His boat upset while he was out on the lake fishing – made a gallant struggle to reach shore – Body recovered after a long search … Dr. Griffith was an ardent lover of nature and was in the habit of visiting the Adirondack region for rest and recreation …. Three years ago he joined the Adirondack League club and (?) erected a cottage on the western shore of Honnedaga lake at the foot not far from the outlet. On Saturday, May 11th accompanied by his wife and youngest son went to the lake and opened their summer home. … Dr. Griffith started out from camp at 10:00 am in a light rowboat to fish for trout … He did not return …. a little after 6:00 pm Mrs. Griffith rowed over to the Adirondack League Club House about a mile distant to ask the men to … in quest of him. ….on her way she noticed an empty skiff on the shoreline … the empty boat … belonged to Dr. Griffith … at 4:00 pm on Monday the body was found in about 20 feet of water and some 20 rods from shore …”

Dr. Griffith’s camp was built in 1902 and he died in 1904, it looks like his birth date is 1858 so he was just 48 years old. Very sad. I wonder if Mrs, Griffith continued to keep the camp open in the summer? I would have difficulty seeing the beauty of this wild and unforgiving place, I would preserve it for my child, but would find no joy in spending time at “the League”.

Mr. Hazard Lasher also met an early demise:


“The New York Times” . February 21, 1906 . Funeral Instead of Dinner

Friends Who Were to be Mr. Lasher’s Guests will Attend

Hazard Lasher. President of the Midwood Club, and one of the best-known residents of Flatbush, died on Monday night at his home, 95 east Eighteenth Street, Brooklyn. On Thursday night last Mr. Lasher presided at a dinner in the Midwood Club, at which Melville E. Stone, General manager of the Associated Press, was a speaker. On his way home he caught a cold which later developed into Pneumonia. Mr. Lasher had arranged to give a dinner to-morrow night and among his guests were to have been Dr. George F. Lazarus and the Rev. t.j. Jackson, rector of st. Paul’s church. Dr. Lazarus attended Mr. Lasher in his last illness and Mr. Jackson instead  of dining with Mr. Lasher, will officiate to-morrow at his funeral. Mr. Lasher was born at Rondout, N.Y., in 1858. he was the head of the wholesale paper firm of Lasher & Lathrop, Incorporated, at 18 Beekman Street. He was Vice President of the Paper association of New york and of the Adirondack League. He leaves a widow and two sons.

The Lasher Camp was designed and built in 1901 or thereabouts, Hazard Lasher died just 5 years later in 1906, he was only 48 years old.

Wicks made it to age 63.

Remembering Wicks, his work and vision and to make each moment count, because it can be over – just – like – that ….

little ruth

Photo courtesy of Elizabeth Hopkins Wittemann, Great Granddaughter of William Sydney Wicks

(All rights of original content reserved.)

The Wildly Beautiful Adirondack Lifestyle Designed by Wicks . 1892-1908

The Wildly Beautiful Adirondack Lifestyle Designed by Wicks . 1892-1908

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

Postcards of the Adirondack Region from the Wicks Collection . 1908 & 1909

Between 1892 and about 1908 or 1909 William S. Wicks was fully engaged with the design of camps in the Adirondacks, the majority within the Adirondack League Club. As one of the first land owners of the preserve in 1892, Wicks was naturally attuned and devoted to land preservation and management with natural design in mind. Wicks loved life in the woods, the rugged landscape, fresh cold streams, pristine lakes and the design of well planned buildings ready to take shape. The woodland community of naturally conscientious trailblazers spoke to his inner natural voice and spirit, far from the hustle of a city taking shape in Buffalo, with many commissions of Green & Wicks architecture in process.

According to the article written by Russel Roberts shown below, Wicks designed 23 cabins, cottages, lodges, and hunting camps during this time frame which have been verified including the Adirondack League Club’s Mountain Lodge. Somehow, the number of references and books I have seen are not aware of the extent of his work, which is something to think about since he loved the environment enough to be a Charter Member of the Adirondack League Club for 30 years. It would be interesting to find out if records from the Adirondack League Club for this time period have been saved, but they are a rather closed community, and not easy to contact.

new rw 3


Photos of the structures are rare. They are not as well-known or publicized as the Buffalo buildings. I found the three images below on the Adirondack Museum website which are quite good. I was so happy to see the interior of the Wardell camp, I think it is even nicer than I what I had imagined:

wicks camp museum interior

Interior D.W. Wardell Camp, Honnedaga Lake, 1910, Wicks Camp Interior

wicks camp museum wardell

D.W Wardell camp, View from Honnedaga Lake, Wicks Camp, 1910

wicks camp museum

Wicks Camp, Photo Postcard, on second Stillwater of West Canada Creek, Adirondack League Club, Log Cabin with porch, 1940

Remembering Wicks and wondering – when did he sleep?

a wicks photo

(All rights of original material reserved, duplication is forbidden without consent of author, owner.)